Bulletin of the American Physical Society
APS March Meeting 2020
Volume 65, Number 1
Monday–Friday, March 2–6, 2020; Denver, Colorado
Session B29: Active Matter in Complex Environments II
11:15 AM–2:03 PM,
Monday, March 2, 2020
Sponsoring Units: DSOFT DBIO GSNP DFD
Chair: Tapomoy Bhattacharjee, Princeton University
Abstract: B29.00010 : Linear instability and nonlinear dynamics of droplets and layers of active fluid*
(New Jersey Inst of Tech)
Michael John Shelley
(Courant Institute, New York University)
Coarse-grained continuum descriptions have successfully predicted instabilities and pattern formation observed in some experimental systems. In this work we focus on the effects of surface tension on the stability and nonlinear dynamics in droplets and layers of active fluid. Specifically we study the stability of a moving boundary between a viscous fluid and droplet- or layer-bound active suspension. Linear stability analyses predict parameter regimes for various dynamics such as rotation, self-propulsion, and chaotic dynamics. Weakly nonlinear analyses predict the equilibrium drop deformation as a function of activity magnitude in the suspension. Simulations of a small system of such active drops give insight into how the activity inside the drops dictates how they communicate with each other.
*Funding from Flatironinstitute, part of Simons Foundation, is acknowledge.
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