# Bulletin of the American Physical Society

# APS March Meeting 2020

## Volume 65, Number 1

## Monday–Friday, March 2–6, 2020; Denver, Colorado

### Session U70: Frontiers in Interdisciplinary Theory and Phenomena

2:30 PM–4:54 PM,
Thursday, March 5, 2020

Room: 208

Sponsoring
Units:
DCMP DCOMP

### Abstract: U70.00006 : A Number of Early 20th Century Important Physics Formulas, Some Nobel Prize Winning, Must Be Slightly Corrected Because They Lack Rotational and Vibrational Factors Not Known To Be Necessary When The Formulas Were Discovered

#### Presenter:

Stewart Brekke

(Northeastern Illinois University)

#### Author:

Stewart Brekke

(Northeastern Illinois University)

#### Collaboration:

Stewart Brekke, Charles Nissim-Sabat

^{2}+ ½mv

^{2}. Later,in the 20th century it was discovered that all masses can also be rotating and vibrating. Thus, the total energy of a mass at slow speeds must be E=mc

^{2}+ ½mv

^{2}+

½Iω

^{2}+ ½k

_{0}x

^{2}+Gm

_{1}m

_{2}/r

^{2}+ kq

_{1}q

_{2}/r

^{2}also including gravitational , electrostatic potential energies and all

kinetic energies. Einstein stated the relativistic kinetic energy at low speeds to beT= (E-E

_{0}) . Thus , the relativistic kinetic energy is T =(½mv

^{2}+ ½I(ω)

^{2}+½k(x

_{o})

^{2}+ (Gm

_{1}m

_{2})/r

^{2}+ (kq

_{1}q

_{2})/r

^{2}. The Photoelectric Effect Equation must include rotational and vibrational factors : Maximum energy of the ejected electron must be: hf =(½mv

^{2}+ ½ω

^{2}+½kx

_{0}

^{2})max +Φ..The Virial Theorem astrophysics equation and Compton Effect energy equation must both be updated including rotational and vibrational factors: ½mv

^{2}+ ½Iω

^{2}+ ½k(x

_{0})

^{2}+ U =0, where U is the gravitational energy for Virial. The Compton should be : hc/(λ)

^{2}+ (m

_{0})c

^{2}+ ½m(v

_{1)2}+ ½I(ω)

^{2}+½k(x

_{0})

^{2 }= hc/(λ)

_{2 }+m

_{0}c

^{2}+ ½(m

_{2})v

^{2}+

½I(ω

_{2})

^{ 2}+ ½k

_{2}x

_{2}

^{2}.

Many other early 20th century physics equations, then assumed correct , some of possibly Nobel Prize quality as those above, may need to be updated by adding rotational and vibrational factors not then even considered essential.

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