Bulletin of the American Physical Society
74th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics
Volume 66, Number 17
Sunday–Tuesday, November 21–23, 2021; Phoenix Convention Center, Phoenix, Arizona
Session N01: Poster Session (3:20-4:05pm)
Monday, November 22, 2021
Abstract: N01.00074 : Spatio- topological regulation of multiscale dendritic patterns and bacterial aggregation in respiratory droplets using vapor mediated interactions
(Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore)
Experiments: This work reports the Spatio-temporal, topological regulation of deposits of respiratory fluid droplets and control of bacterial aggregation by tweaking flow inside droplets using non-contact vapor-mediated interactions. Desiccated respiratory droplets form deposits with haphazard multiscale dendritic, cruciform-shaped precipitates when evaporated on a glass substrate. However, we showcase that short and long-range vapor-mediated interaction between the droplets can be used as a tool to control these deposits at nano-micro-millimeter scales. We morphologically control hierarchial dendrite size, orientation and subsequently suppress cruciform-shaped crystals by placing a droplet of ethanol in the vicinity of the biofluid droplet. Active living matter in respiratory fluids like bacteria is preferentially segregated and agglomerated without attenuation of its viability and pathogenesis.
Findings: The nucleation sites can be controlled via preferential transfer of solutes in the droplets; thus, achieving control over crystal occurrence, growth dynamics, and the final topology of the deposit. For the first time, we have experimentally presented a proof-of-concept to control the aggregation of live active matter like bacteria without any direct contact. The methodology can have ramifications in biomedical applications like disease detection and bacterial segregation.
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