Bulletin of the American Physical Society
APS March Meeting 2019
Volume 64, Number 2
Monday–Friday, March 4–8, 2019; Boston, Massachusetts
Session R10: Fe-based Superconductors -- Nematicity I
8:00 AM–11:00 AM,
Thursday, March 7, 2019
BCEC Room: 151B
Sponsoring Units: DMP DCOMP
Chair: Cheng Cen, West Virginia University
Abstract: R10.00001 : ARPES of iron-based superconductors: how nematic order sets the stage for magnetic and superconducting ground states in NaFeAs and FeSe
8:00 AM–8:36 AM
(Diamond Light Source)
(Diamond Light Source)
(School of Physics and Astronomy, University of St. Andrews)
(Department of Physics, Royal Holloway University of London)
Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) gives a unique insight into the evolution of the electronic structure of iron-based superconductors. By varying the temperature and doping of the sample, one can investigate all regions of their phase diagrams, including the high-temperature normal state, the magnetic ground state, the so-called nematic state where four-fold symmetry is broken without magnetic order, and the superconducting state.
For example, ARPES measurements of FeSe give an exclusive opportunity to investigate the electronic structure in nematic phase without magnetic order. In our measurements, we found substantial shifts of both the electron and hole bands associated with the onset of the nematic order, however the interpretation of these data has caused some controversy due to the formation of twin orthorhombic domains in samples. Our high-resolution ARPES results obtained on FeSe crystals detwinned by application of mechanical strain, reveal remarkable anisotropies hidden in the measurements of twinned samples. We observe that in the nematic phase the Fermi surface consists of one elliptical hole-like pocket and only one orthogonally oriented electron-like pocket.
Moreover, we find the same effect in detwinned NaFeAs samples where the spectral weight from only one elliptical electron pocket is detected in the nematic phase.
Finally, we use synchrotron-based high-resolution ARPES to map the 3D momentum dependence of the superconducting gap in FeSe. We find that on both the hole and electron Fermi surfaces, the gap is highly anisotropic, with its magnitude following the distribution of dyz orbital weight on each pocket. We show that this anisotropic gap structure can be naturally reproduced from theoretical calculations only when the one-electron pocket state, observed in the nematic phase, is taken into account. These results support the spin fluctuation mediated mechanism of superconductivity in FeSe.
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