Bulletin of the American Physical Society
APS March Meeting 2018
Monday–Friday, March 5–9, 2018; Los Angeles, California
Session K58: Delbruck Award Symposium
8:00 AM–11:00 AM,
Wednesday, March 7, 2018
LACC Room: Petree Hall C
Sponsoring Unit: DBIO
Chair: Jennifer Ross, Univ of Mass - Amherst
Abstract: K58.00001 : Dynamic scaling in natural swarms*
8:00 AM–8:36 AM
(Univ of Rome La Sapienza)
Lorenzo Del Castello
(Conicet - La Plata)
Collective behavior is widespread in biological systems across many different scales and organisms. As physicists, our hope is that the (complex) details of the individuals are not important when looking at collective properties, and that large scale behavior can be characterized in terms of general laws, much as we do in condensed matter. However, this assumption cannot be given for granted and must be experimentally justified.
With this perspective, I will present experimental evidence of the emergence of dynamic scaling laws in natural swarms. We find that spatio-temporal correlation functions in different swarms can be rescaled by using a single characteristic time, which grows with the correlation length with a dynamical critical exponent z~1. Numerical simulations and previous computations on models of self-propelled particles in the swarming phase give different exponents, suggesting that natural swarms belong to a novel dynamic universality class. This conclusion is strengthened by experimental evidence of non-exponential relaxation, indicating that previously overlooked inertial effects are needed to describe swarm dynamics. The absence of a purely relaxational regime suggests that natural swarms are subject to a near-critical censorship of hydrodynamics.
*This work was supported by IIT-Seed Artswarm, European Research Council Starting
Grant 257126, US Air Force Office of Scientific Research Grant FA95501010250 (through
the University of Maryland) and ERANET-LAC grant CRIB.
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