Bulletin of the American Physical Society
APS March Meeting 2018
Monday–Friday, March 5–9, 2018; Los Angeles, California
Session K48: Athermal Systems and Statistical Mechanics
8:00 AM–10:48 AM,
Wednesday, March 7, 2018
LACC Room: 510
Sponsoring Unit: GSNP
Chair: Raphael Blumenfeld, Imperial College London
Abstract: K48.00005 : Fragile Matter: Stress Networks and Stability of Athermal Solids*
9:12 AM–9:48 AM
View Presentation Abstract
In this talk, I will discuss a theoretical framework for for understanding materials that are fragile. These are marginal solids that emerge out of thermal equilibrium in response to external stresses. Granular materials and non-Brownian colloidal suspensions are well-known examples, however, reconfigurable pathways of force transmission also play an important role in biological systems. In granular materials, external forces such as gravity create rigid and flowing states. The mechanical integrity of these marginal solids is reliant on a filamentary network of stress-bearing structures. An outstanding question in the field has been how the constraints of vectorial force balance influence the response of granular assemblies to stress, and create localized stress pathways. I will present results of recent work showing that the localized response is a consequence of the disorder in the underlying contact network, and can be mapped on to a ``localization'' problem. I will then discuss criterion for stability and yielding of these networks, based on a gauge-potential formalism that imposes all of the constraints of mechanical equilibrium.
*This work has been funded by NSF-DMR1409093, NSF-CBET 1605283 and the W.M. Keck Foundation.
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