Bulletin of the American Physical Society
APS March Meeting 2018
Monday–Friday, March 5–9, 2018; Los Angeles, California
Session H19: Spin Chains: Theory
2:30 PM–4:54 PM,
Tuesday, March 6, 2018
LACC Room: 308A
Sponsoring Units: GMAG DMP
Chair: Igor Zaliznyak, Brookhaven National Laboratory
Abstract: H19.00005 : The dynamic structure factor in impurity-doped spin chains*
3:18 PM–3:30 PM
The effects of impurities in spin-1/2 Heisenberg chains are recently experiencing a renewed interest due to experimental realizations in solid state systems and ultra-cold gases. The impurities effectively cut the chains into finite segments with a discrete spectrum and characteristic correlations, which have a distinct effect on the dynamic structure factor. Using bosonization and the numerical Density Matrix Renormalization Group we provide detailed quantitative predictions for the momentum and energy resolved structure factor in doped systems. Due to the impurities, spectral weight is shifted away from the antiferromagnetic wave-vector k=π into regions which normally have no spectral weight in the thermodynamic limit. The effect can be quantitatively described in terms of scaling functions, which are derived from a recurrence relation based on bosonization. We present length-averaged and k-integrated results in terms of the doping concentration.
*This work was supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) via the research centers SFB/TR49 and SFB/TR185 and by the Studienstiftung des deutschen Volkes.
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