Bulletin of the American Physical Society
APS March Meeting 2018
Monday–Friday, March 5–9, 2018; Los Angeles, California
Session B45: Electronic Correlations in Complex Oxides
11:15 AM–2:15 PM,
Monday, March 5, 2018
LACC Room: 505
Sponsoring Unit: DCMP
Chair: Michael McGuire, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Abstract: B45.00010 : Orbital and spin ordering physics of the Mn3O4 spinel*
1:03 PM–1:15 PM
Transition metal (TM) oxides with orbital, spin and lattice degrees of freedom have always been an interesting playground for physicists. Geometrical frustration adds more exotic phenomena in these systems. The Mn3O4 spinel is one such system in which orbital-spin-lattice couplings are very active in deciding the ground state. Indeed, this material is known to prossess a complex phenomenology of structure-, orbital-, and spin-ordering transitions. There are two cations in this system: Mn2+ (3d5) with spin S=5/2 and no orbital degrees of freedom, and Mn3+ (3d4) with spin S=2 and active orbital degrees of freedom (ODF). The Mn3+ ODF changes lattice symmetry (cubic to tetragonal) via a Jahn-Teller distortion. In this presentation, I will show how ODF in Mn3+ strongly affects spin superexchange via a 90o TM-Oxygen-TM bond angle. The derived spin-orbital Hamiltonian obtains orbital ordering, and thence spin ordering. Interaction among Mn3+ spins as well as between Mn2+ and Mn3+ spins then give the well-known triangular Yafet-Kittel type spin ordering of this spinel. The remaining lattice degeneracy (a-b axis) is finally lifted via spin-lattice interaction, and can be tuned via external magnetic fields and applied pressure.
*CSIR, Government of India.
DST, Government of India.
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