Bulletin of the American Physical Society
APS March Meeting 2018
Monday–Friday, March 5–9, 2018; Los Angeles, California
Session A55: Confined Polymer Glasses I: Influence of Irreversibly Adsorbed Layers and Free Surfaces
8:00 AM–11:00 AM,
Monday, March 5, 2018
LACC Room: 515A
Sponsoring Units: DPOLY GSNP
Chair: Rodney Priestley, Princeton Univ
Abstract: A55.00007 : Glass transition and molecular mobility in polymers under nanoscale confinement
9:12 AM–9:48 AM
In the last couple of decades, a plethora of studies have shown that confined polymer glasses with free interface exhibit significantly modified vitrification kinetics, resulting in substantial Tg suppression. Beside this observation, a number of studies, where the molecular mobility is measured by techniques probing the linear response, show the presence of a dominant component with bulk-like dynamics. To explain these results, two main hypotheses have been recently formulated. On one side, it has been argued that in nanoscale confinement Tg and molecular dynamics are decoupled. Beside, the role of free surface to speed dynamics, which has been shown in several studies, has been invoked to explain Tg suppression in confinement.
This contribution aims to provide compelling experimental evidence on the decoupling between glass transition and molecular mobility in polymeric glasses under geometrical confinement. Special attention is devoted to calorimetric techniques where the two aspects can be unequivocally separated by applying temperature perturbations either in the linear and non-linear regime. A number of examples are provided where, despite the ubiquitous presence of a prominent component with bulk-like linear dynamics, the Tg is suppressed. This outcome is discussed in view of the conceptual difference between the two aspects of glass dynamics.
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