Bulletin of the American Physical Society
APS March Meeting 2014
Volume 59, Number 1
Monday–Friday, March 3–7, 2014; Denver, Colorado
Session L20: Focus Session: Dynamics of Glassy Polymers under Nanoscale Confinement I
8:00 AM–11:00 AM,
Wednesday, March 5, 2014
Sponsoring Unit: DPOLY
Chair: Connie Roth, Emory University
Abstract ID: BAPS.2014.MAR.L20.7
Abstract: L20.00007 : Viscosity of Polymer Nanometer Films*
9:12 AM–9:48 AM
Preview Abstract Abstract
(Department of Physics and Division of Materials Science \& Engineering, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215.)
Ample studies have shown that the $T_g$ of polymer films can change visibly when the film thickness ($h$) is decreased below 100 nm. It implies that the viscosity ($\eta$) of the films can differ notably from the bulk. In this talk, I shall discuss the viscosity measurement performed on two systems - polystyrene and poly(methal methacrylate) on silicon oxide (PS/SiO$_x$ and PMMA/SiO$_x$) where the $T_g$ decreases and increases with decreasing $h$, respectively. At low molecular weight ($M_w$), $\eta$ of both systems can be described by a layer model. For PS/SiO$_x$, a two-layer model assuming the films to comprise a mobile layer on top of a bulklike layer is sufficient. For PMMA/SiO$_x$, a three-layer model including an additional slow substrate layer is needed. For PS/SiO$_x$, the layer model is also able to describe the data at high $M_w$. However, the $M_w$-dependence displays a qualitative change when the polymer size exceeds the estimated thickness of the surface mobile layer. Beyond that, the surface chains are partially embedded in the bulklike layer so cannot facilitate enhanced transport as in the low-$M_w$ films. We hypothesize that the surface mobile layer operates in the low-$M_w$ films, but a confinement effect in the high-$M_w$ films in lowering $\eta$.
*We acknowledge support of NSF through the projects DMR-1004648 and DMR-1310536.
To cite this abstract, use the following reference: http://meetings.aps.org/link/BAPS.2014.MAR.L20.7
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