Bulletin of the American Physical Society
APS March Meeting 2014
Volume 59, Number 1
Monday–Friday, March 3–7, 2014; Denver, Colorado
Session D26: Materials at High Pressure: H plus
2:30 PM–5:30 PM,
Monday, March 3, 2014
Sponsoring Units: DCOMP DMP GSCCM
Chair: Kevin Driver, University of California, Berkeley
Abstract ID: BAPS.2014.MAR.D26.4
Abstract: D26.00004 : High-Pressure Hydrogen from First-Principles*
3:06 PM–3:42 PM
Preview Abstract Abstract
Miguel A. Morales
The main approximations typically employed in first-principles simulations of high-pressure hydrogen are the neglect of nuclear quantum effects (NQE) and the approximate treatment of electronic exchange and correlation, typically through a density functional theory (DFT) formulation. In this talk I'll present a detailed analysis of the influence of these approximations on the phase diagram of high-pressure hydrogen, with the goal of identifying the predictive capabilities of current methods and, at the same time, making accurate predictions in this important regime. We use a path integral formulation combined with density functional theory, which allows us to incorporate NQEs in a direct and controllable way. In addition, we use state-of-the-art quantum Monte Carlo calculations to benchmark the accuracy of more approximate mean-field electronic structure calculations based on DFT, and we use GW and hybrid DFT to calculate the optical properties of the solid and liquid phases near metallization. We present accurate predictions of the metal-insulator transition on the solid, including structural and optical properties of the molecular phase.
*MAM was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under Contract DE-AC52-07NA27344 and by LDRD Grant No. 13-LW-004.
To cite this abstract, use the following reference: http://meetings.aps.org/link/BAPS.2014.MAR.D26.4
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