# Bulletin of the American Physical Society

# APS March Meeting 2014

## Volume 59, Number 1

## Monday–Friday, March 3–7, 2014; Denver, Colorado

### Session A1: Recent Advances in Density Functional Theory I

8:00 AM–11:00 AM,
Monday, March 3, 2014

Room: 103/105

Sponsoring
Units:
DCP DCOMP

Chair: Weitao Yang, Duke University

Abstract ID: BAPS.2014.MAR.A1.5

### Abstract: A1.00005 : Gedanken Densities and Lower Bounds in Density Functional Theory*

9:12 AM–9:48 AM

Preview Abstract View Presentation Abstract

#### Author:

John P. Perdew

(Department of Physics, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA 19122)

A gedanken density is not a real one but one imagined in the construction of density functional approximations. The uniform electron gas is the original gedanken density, but we will be concerned here with two others: (1) the ground-state density of one electron in the presence of a nonuniform periodic potential , in which the reduced density gradient $s=\left| {\nabla n} \right|/[2(3\pi^{2})^{1/3}n^{4/3}$diverges almost everywhere as the volume tends to infinity. This density was used in the construction [1] of a generalized gradient approximation (GGA): To satisfy the general Lieb-Oxford lower bound [2] on the exchange-correlation energy for all possible densities, the exchange enhancement factor $F_{x} \equiv \varepsilon _{x}^{approx} /\varepsilon_{x}^{unif} $ in the large-$s$ limit for a spin-unpolarized density must be less than or equal to 1.804. (2) a two-electron spherical ground-state density in which $s$ takes the same arbitrary positive value wherever the density is non-zero [3]. This density can be used to show that, to satisfy the tight Lieb-Oxford bound on the exchange energy of a two-electron density for every possible such density, $F_{x} $ for such a density (and probably for every density) must be less than 1.174. The local spin density approximation (LSDA) for exchange ($F_{x} =1)$ satisfies this tight bound, but standard GGA's and meta-GGA's do not. A talk by Jianwei Sun will present what may be the first beyond-LSDA approximation to satisfy this strong new constraint. \\[4pt] [1] J.P. Perdew, K. Burke, and M. Ernzerhof, Phys. Rev. Lett. \textit{77,} 3815 (1996).\\[0pt] [2] E.H. Lieb and S. Oxford, Int. J. Quantum Chem. \textit{19}, 427 (1981).\\[0pt] [3] J.P. Perdew, J. Sun, A. Ruzsinszky, and K. Burke, in preparation.

*Supported by NSF-DMR

To cite this abstract, use the following reference: http://meetings.aps.org/link/BAPS.2014.MAR.A1.5

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