Session W38: Invited Session: 20th Century Chinese Physicists and Physics
2:30 PM–5:30 PM, Thursday, March 6, 2014
Sponsoring Units: FHP FIP
Chair: Danian Hu, City College of New York, CUNY
Abstract: W38.00002 : 2014 Beller Lectureship: Chinese Physicists Educated in the Great Britain during the First Half of the 20th Century
3:06 PM–3:42 PM
(Capital Normal University, Beijing, China)
More than 30 Chinese students went to Great Britain to study physics during the first half of the 20th century. They were concentrated in London University (13), Cambridge University (9), Edinburgh University (5) and Manchester University (3) and so on. All these students returned to China after finishing their study and most of them later became excellent physicists. They contributed to the development of physics in China. Based on newly discovered primary materials concerning these Chinese physicists, I examine their study in UK and subsequent accomplishments after their return to China. I will then analyze these British-trained Chinese physicists and compare them with those studying in Japan and America. I would argue that Chinese physicists educated in Britain have high degree of specialization as a whole and formed unique style. They made certain unique contributions to Chinese physics development.