Session A12: Focus Session: Complex Oxide Interfaces - Nickelates

8:00 AM–11:00 AM, Monday, March 18, 2013
Room: 314

Sponsoring Unit: DMP
Chair: Prasana Balachandran, Drexel University

Abstract ID: BAPS.2013.MAR.A12.10

Abstract: A12.00010 : Composition spread studies of Nd$_{1-x}$La$_{x}$NiO$_{3}$ combinatorial thin films

10:36 AM–10:48 AM

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  Richard Suchoski
    (MSE Department and CNAM, UMD College Park)

  Kui Jin
    (Physics Department and CNAM, UMD College Park)

  Shintaro Yasui
    (MSE Department and CNAM, UMD College Park)

  Richard Greene
    (Physics Department and CNAM, UMD College Park)

  Ichiro Takeuchi
    (MSE Department and CNAM, UMD College Park)

Rare earth nickelates have attracted a great deal of attention in recent years due to a host of interesting features, one being a transition from paramagnetic metal to antiferromagnetic insulator through distortions from the ideal perovskite unit cell. This metal-to-insulator transition (MIT) can be manipulated by modifying variables such as temperature, rare earth ion size, oxygen content, or stress from lattice-mismatched epitaxial thin film growth. Research on this family has been extensive, though there still exists an absence of thin film studies focusing on intermediate compositions. We have fabricated epitaxial thin film composition spreads of Nd$_{1-x}$La$_{x}$NiO$_{3}$ grown via combinatorial PLD to investigate these transitional compositions. While our films exhibit a smooth composition progression, we observe a composition threshold where orthorhombic NdNiO$_{3}$ transforms to rhombohedral LaNiO$_{3}$, correlating with disappearance of the MIT, and displays a non-Vegard evolution of the film's in-plane lattice constant in HRXRD and Raman scattering data of the A$_{1g}$ rotational mode.

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