Bulletin of the American Physical Society
APS March Meeting 2012
Volume 57, Number 1
Monday–Friday, February 27–March 2 2012; Boston, Massachusetts
Session L27: Invited Session: Quantum Design of Low-Dimensional Materials Structures for Enhanced Solar Energy Conversion
2:30 PM–5:30 PM,
Tuesday, February 28, 2012
Sponsoring Units: DCMP FIAP
Chair: Zhenyu Zhang, University of Science and Technology of China
Abstract ID: BAPS.2012.MAR.L27.4
Abstract: L27.00004 : Shaping anomalous molecular electroluminescence by resonant nanocavity plasmons*
4:18 PM–4:54 PM
Preview Abstract Abstract
(University of Science and Technology of China)
Exciton formation and decay of molecules near metallic nanostructures is important for the control of energy conversion at the nanoscale and plasmonic devices. While extensive research has been carried out to such end using photon-excited techniques, complementary insights into the optical transitions and plasmon-exciton coupling can be obtained through electron excitations by a scanning tunneling microscope . In this talk, we shall describe such reversed process of light-to-electricity conversion through single-molecule electroluminescence that demonstrates the critical role of nanocavity plasmons in the generation and decay of molecular excitons. By tuning the resonant interplay between molecular excitons and plasmons in nearby metallic nanostructures, we demonstrate that plasmons can do much more beyond intensity enhancement : the emission band of molecular fluorescence can be effectively tuned by resonant nanocavity plasmons. New optoelectronic effects including resonant hot-electroluminescence and upconversion electroluminescence from higher vibronic levels of singlet excited states have been realized for porphyrin molecules near metals, which breaks the Kasha's rule and conventional Franck-Condon distribution. The highly confined nanocavity plasmons can behave like a strong coherent optical source with tunable frequency, and can be used to actively control the radiative channels of molecular emitters near metals over a wide spectral range. We shall also discuss critical factors that are responsible for the realization of single-molecule electroluminescence . \\[4pt]  Z.C. Dong, et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 086801 (2004). \\[0pt]  Z.C. Dong, et al., Nat. Photonics 4, 50 (2010). \\[0pt]  Y. Zhang, et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. (submitted).
*This work was supported by National Basic Research Program of China (2011CB921402) and the Natural Science Foundation of China (91021004 and 10974186).
To cite this abstract, use the following reference: http://meetings.aps.org/link/BAPS.2012.MAR.L27.4
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