Session Z43: Invited Session: Applications of Jamming

11:15 AM–2:15 PM, Friday, March 2, 2012
Room: 157AB

Sponsoring Units: GSNP DFD
Chair: Lisa Manning, Syracuse University

Abstract ID: BAPS.2012.MAR.Z43.4

Abstract: Z43.00004 : Density-Temperature-Softness Scaling of the Dynamics of Glass-forming Soft-sphere Liquids

1:03 PM–1:39 PM

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  Magdaleno Medina-Noyola
    (Instituto de F\'isica, Universidad Aut\'onoma de San Luis Potos\'i)

We employ the principle of dynamic equivalence between soft-sphere and hard-sphere fluids [Phys. Rev. E {\bf 68}, 011405 (2003); Phys. Rev. Lett. {\bf 107}, 155701 (2011)] to describe the interplay of the effects of varying the density $n$, the temperature $T$, and the softness (characterized by a softness parameter $\nu^{-1}$) on the dynamics of glass-forming soft-sphere liquids in terms of simple scaling rules. The main prediction is the existence of a dynamic universality class associated with the hard sphere fluid, constituted by the soft-sphere systems whose dynamic parameters, such as the $\alpha$-relaxation time and the long-time self-diffusion coefficient, depend on $n,\ T$, and $\nu$ only through the reduced density $n^*\equiv n \sigma_{HS}^3(n,T,\nu)$, where the effective hard-sphere diameter $\sigma_{HS}(n,T,\nu)$ is determined by the Andersen-Weeks-Chandler condition for soft-sphere--hard-sphere structural equivalence. A number of scaling properties observed in recent experiments and simulations involving glass-forming fluids with repulsive short range interactions are found to be a direct manifestation of this general dynamic equivalence principle. The self-consistent generalized Langevin equation (SCGLE) theory of colloid dynamics [Phys. Rev. E {\bf 76}, 041504, 062502 (2007)] is shown to accurately capture these scaling rules. The non-equilibrium extension of this theory [Phys. Rev. E {\bf 82}, 061503, 061504 (2010)] is employed to describe the manifestation of this scaling on the aging of instantaneously-quenched soft-sphere liquids.

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