Session X8: Migrations of Physicists

2:30 PM–5:30 PM, Thursday, March 24, 2011
Room: Ballroom C4

Sponsoring Units: FHP FIP
Chair: Noemie Koller, Rutgers University

Abstract ID: BAPS.2011.MAR.X8.3

Abstract: X8.00003 : Migrations and the Rise of High Energy Physics in Brazil

3:42 PM–4:18 PM

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  Alberto Santoro
    (State University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)

There have been five phases in the development and evolution of High Energy Physics (HEP) in Brazil, that I review from a personal perspective. The Founding Phase (1938 - 1955) was followed by the Brasilia Phase that included an attempt by R. Salmeron, the first Brazilian physicist to work at CERN in its early years, to found an HEP institute at the University of Brasilia in 1960 - 1965. This was followed by my return from France during the redemocratization of 1985, after 21 years of miltary rule. The Expansion Phase (1984 - 1999) followed an ambitious plan that led to the spread of high energy physics to many key institutions throughout the country. The Evolutionary Phase (1984 - 2010), initiated with the strong help of Leon Lederman (Nobel Laureate, 1988) began with the strengthening of HEP groups and their participation in the major experimental collaborations, at the Tevatron at Fermilab and more recently at the LHC at CERN, with the strong support of the Brazilian funding agencies. The fifth Partnership phase (2011 - ) has just begun, as the high energy physics community and its supporting agencies work to make Brazil an Associate Member of CERN, and in this way to make the Brazilian community a full partner in the global effort aimed at discoveries at the Energy Frontier.

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