Bulletin of the American Physical Society
APS March Meeting 2010
Volume 55, Number 2
Monday–Friday, March 15–19, 2010; Portland, Oregon
Session L33: Focus Session: Spin Dependent Physics in Organic-Based Materials II
2:30 PM–5:06 PM,
Tuesday, March 16, 2010
Sponsoring Unit: GMAG
Chair: Anthony Caruso, University of Missouri - Kansas City
Abstract ID: BAPS.2010.MAR.L33.5
Abstract: L33.00005 : Spin-orbit couplings and spin relaxation in organic electronic materials*
3:18 PM–3:30 PM
Preview Abstract Abstract
Understanding spin relaxation in organic materials requires a reliable estimate of the spin-orbit coupling (SOC) strengths in these system. It is often argued that the SOC in $\pi$-conjugated organic materials is weak because of the small atomic SOC strength of C atom. However, most organic materials used in spin transport structures, such as T$_6$, MEH-PPV, Alq$_3$, and P3HT, contain N, O, and S atoms that have a much stronger atomic SOC than C atom. Here we carry out first-principles calculation to determine the SOC strengths of several representative organic molecules. We find that in MEH-PPV and Alq3 the SOC originates mainly from the O atoms, whose lone pairs of electrons strongly couple with the C $p_z$ orbitals. In T$_6$ and P3HT, the $\pi$-orbitals have a significant contribution from S atoms and therefore a sizable SOC. Using the obtained SOC strengths, we calculate the spin relaxation times and spin diffusion lengths caused by carrier hopping in these organic materials. Our results are consistent with recently measured spin relaxation times in MEH-PPV and temperature-dependent spin diffusion lengths in Alq$_3$.
*Supported by the Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Department of Energy, under Grant No. DE-FG02-06ER46325.
To cite this abstract, use the following reference: http://meetings.aps.org/link/BAPS.2010.MAR.L33.5
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