Bulletin of the American Physical Society
APS March Meeting 2010
Volume 55, Number 2
Monday–Friday, March 15–19, 2010; Portland, Oregon
Session K1: Poster Session II (2:00 pm - 5:00 pm)
Tuesday, March 16, 2010
Room: Exhibit CD
Abstract ID: BAPS.2010.MAR.K1.252
Abstract: K1.00252 : Partition-of-unity finite elements for electronic structure: have planewaves finally met their match?*
Preview Abstract Abstract
Over the past few decades, the planewave (PW) pseudopotential method has established itself as the dominant method for large, accurate, density-functional calculations in condensed matter. However, due to the underlying Fourier representation of the required quantum mechanical wavefunctions, the PW method suffers from substantial inefficiencies in parallelization and applications involving highly localized states, such as those with 1st-row, transition-metal, or other atoms at extreme conditions. Modern real-space approaches, such as finite-difference (FD), finite-element (FE), and wavelet based methods, can address these deficiencies but have until now required much larger bases to attain the required accuracy. In this talk, we discuss our recent work on a new real-space FE based method which employs modern partition-of-unity FE techniques to substantially reduce the number of basis functions required by building known atomic physics into the basis, while retaining both locality and systematic improvability. Initial results show order-of-magnitude improvements relative to current state-of-the-art PW and adaptive-mesh FE methods for systems involving localized states such as d- and f-electron metals and/or other atoms at extreme conditions.
*This work performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by LLNL under Contract DE-AC52-07NA27344.
To cite this abstract, use the following reference: http://meetings.aps.org/link/BAPS.2010.MAR.K1.252
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