Bulletin of the American Physical Society
APS March Meeting 2010
Volume 55, Number 2
Monday–Friday, March 15–19, 2010; Portland, Oregon
Session D7: Fluctuations and Critical Phenomena in Population Dynamics
2:30 PM–5:30 PM,
Monday, March 15, 2010
Room: Portland Ballroom 254
Sponsoring Units: GSNP DBP
Chair: Mark Dykman, Michigan State University
Abstract ID: BAPS.2010.MAR.D7.1
Abstract: D7.00001 : Scaling Laws, Fluctuations and Pattern Formation in Ecosystems*
2:30 PM–3:06 PM
Preview Abstract Abstract
(University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)
Ecology is fundamentally concerned with the relationship of organisms to space and time. Thus, it is natural for statistical physicists to ask if there are universal phenomena, and if so, how they can be separated from purely idiosyncratic features of special systems. This talk will focus primarily on fluctuations in ecosystems, showing how certain well-documented scaling laws, such as the species-area law, follow from rather general properties of ecosystems. Fluctuations, especially demographic noise, drive patterns in space and time, and we will review how this solves the predator-prey limit cycle paradox, and can account for the robust occurrence of patchiness in ecosystems.
*This work was partially supported by National Science Foundation Grant No. NSF-EF-0526747 \& NSF-EAR-02-21743.
To cite this abstract, use the following reference: http://meetings.aps.org/link/BAPS.2010.MAR.D7.1
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