Bulletin of the American Physical Society
APS March Meeting 2010
Volume 55, Number 2
Monday–Friday, March 15–19, 2010; Portland, Oregon
Session D20: Focus Session: Computational Design of New Materials -- Structure/Property Relationships
2:30 PM–5:42 PM,
Monday, March 15, 2010
Sponsoring Units: DMP DCOMP
Chair: Dane Morgan, University of Wisconsin
Abstract ID: BAPS.2010.MAR.D20.10
Abstract: D20.00010 : Small to medium atomic size mismatch leads to phase-separation yet very large mismatch can lead to spontaneous ordering.*
4:42 PM–4:54 PM
Preview Abstract Abstract
Large atomic size-mismatch between compounds discourages their binding onto a common lattice because of the ensuing cost in strain energy. This central paradigm in the theory of isovalent alloys, is clearly broken by the occurrence of stable spontaneous long-range order in mixtures of alkali-halides with as much as ~40$\,\%$ size-mismatch (e.g LiF-CsF). Our theoretical analysis of these failures uncovered a different design principle for stable alloys: very large atomic size-mismatch can lead to spontaneous ordering if the large (small) components have the ability to raise (lower) their coordination number (CN) within the mixed phase. This heuristic design-principle leads us to explore via first-principles structure-search a few mismatched binary systems whose components have a propensity for CN disproportionation. We find ordered structures for BeO-BaO (37\,\% size-mismatch) and BeO-SrO (30\,\%), and ordering in LiCl-KCl (20\,\%). BN-InN (33\,\%) is lowers its positive formation enthalpy by $60\,\%$ with CN disproportionation. This design principle could be used to explore novel phases not expected to order according to the common paradigm of strain instability.
*Funded in part by Energy Frontier Research Center for Inverse Design.
To cite this abstract, use the following reference: http://meetings.aps.org/link/BAPS.2010.MAR.D20.10
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