Session T14: Energy Resources Followed by Energy Production, Sustainability and Environment

2:30 PM–5:30 PM, Wednesday, March 17, 2010
Room: B113

Sponsoring Unit: GERA
Chair: Terry Tritt, Clemson University

Abstract ID: BAPS.2010.MAR.T14.14

Abstract: T14.00014 : Comparative study of metal-organic frameworks for carbon capture applications

5:06 PM–5:18 PM

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  Jason Simmons
    (NIST Center for Neutron Research)

  Wei Zhou
    (NIST Center for Neutron Research)

  Hui Wu
    (NIST Center for Neutron Research)

  Taner Yildirim
    (NIST Center for Neutron Research)

With the current prevalence of hydrocarbon-based energy sources, carbon capture and sequestration are essential technologies for minimizing the emission of carbon dioxide and the resulting increased atmospheric concentration of CO2. Current technologies based on absorption require high temperature regeneration of the solvent, ultimately leading to significantly decreased efficiency and increased cost. Development of an adsorption-based technology, based on physical adsorption in optimized porous media, would greatly reduce the regeneration costs. Here we discuss the carbon capture performance of a range of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), including both high surface area materials as well as those with sites that have been engineered to have enhanced binding. In particular, we demonstrate that MOFs can capture significant amounts of CO2 and that the CO2 can be readily removed from the MOF using standard pressure/vacuum swing techniques, yielding cyclic capture capacities in excess of 5 mmol/g. Further, we discuss the role of pore geometry and surface chemistry in the capacity of CO2 that can be removed in order to best optimize these materials. Lastly, we will address the effect of flue gas impurities on the carbon capture performance of these MOFs.

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