Session A13: Convection and Crystal Growth

8:00 AM–10:48 AM, Monday, March 15, 2010
Room: B112

Sponsoring Units: DFD GSNP
Chair: Joseph Niemela, Abdus Salam International Center for Theoretical Physics

Abstract ID: BAPS.2010.MAR.A13.8

Abstract: A13.00008 : Phase separation in fluids with chaotic advection

9:24 AM–9:36 AM

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  Daniel Beller
    (Brandeis University)

  Ben Vollmayr-Lee
    (Bucknell University)

  Sohei Yasuda
    (Bucknell University)

When immiscible fluids are advected by an externally applied chaotic flow field, a nonequilibrium steady state arises from the competition between coarsening and the chaotic ripping-apart of domains. We simulate a two-dimensional binary fluid system advected by two different flow fields: a periodic alternating vortex flow and a periodic alternating sine flow. For each case, we examine the local degree of chaos in the flow field by computing finite-backward-time Lyapunov exponent values at each point in the system. We find that this Lyapunov exponent field is correlated with the advected fluids' local free energy density, which is inversely related to the local time-averaged size of phase-separated domains in the steady state. This raises the possibility of making universal predictions of steady-state characteristics based on Lyapunov analysis of the flow field.

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