Session H10: Focus Session: Optical Properties of Nanostructures I: Quantum Dots

8:00 AM–11:00 AM, Tuesday, March 17, 2009
Room: 304

Sponsoring Unit: DCMP
Chair: Jie Shan, Case Western Reserve University

Abstract ID: BAPS.2009.MAR.H10.2

Abstract: H10.00002 : Creating an artificial periodic table using quantum dots

8:36 AM–8:48 AM

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  Patanjali Kambhampati
    (McGill University)

  Samuel Sewall
    (McGill University)

  Ryan Cooney
    (McGill University)

Confinement of carriers in quantum dots results in hydrogenic like states for the exciton. Thus a single excitation in a quantum dot bears resemblance to a hydrogen atom; these materials are often referred to as ``artificial atoms.'' A pair of excitons will form a four body biexciton, akin to a helium atom. The excitonic `He atom should have an eigenstate spectrum in the vein of atomic orbitals. The eigenstate spectrum of the biexciton has remained elusive due to the ultrafast timescale of relaxation processes in quantum dots which mask observation of the excited states. Here, we show the first, direct observation of spectrum of states of the biexciton, completing the analogy of excitons in quantum dots to atomic and molecular systems. We report on the first observation of a biexciton Stokes shift, which we will discuss in terms of non-Aufbau filling and biexciton fine structure. The observation of biexciton Stokes shift underpins the physics of optical gain in quantum dots.

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