Session W11: Low-dimensional Systems; Theory

2:30 PM–4:54 PM, Thursday, March 8, 2007
Colorado Convention Center Room: Korbel 1F

Sponsoring Unit: DCMP
Chair: Kirill Shtengel, University of California, Riverside

Abstract ID: BAPS.2007.MAR.W11.11

Abstract: W11.00011 : Phase diagram of the one dimensional Hubbard-Holstein Model at 1/2 and 1/4 filling

4:30 PM–4:42 PM

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  Rahul Hardikar
    (Mississippi State University)

  Torsten Clay
    (Mississippi State University)

We present a detailed study of the phase diagram of the Hubbard Holstein model at 1/2 filling and 1/4 filling, including finite-frequency quantum phonons within the numerically exact Stochastic Series Expansion quantum Monte Carlo method. In one dimension at 1/2 filling, the electron-phonon (e-ph) coupling gives a Peierls charge density wave, while Hubbard onsite $U$ promotes antiferromagnetic correlations and a Mott insulating state. Our previous study revealed a third Intermediate phase when the electron-electron and e-ph interaction are closely balanced. We show here from direct calculations of charge and spin susceptibilities that (i) as the e-ph coupling strength is increased first a spin gap transition and then the Peierls transition occurs, (ii) transitions between Mott/Intermediate and Intermediate/Peierls states are of the Kosterlitz-Thouless type, (iii) for large $U$, the two transitions merge into a single fist order transition. Our data is consistent with a renormalization of the Luttinger Liquid exponent $K_\rho$, which gives a slightly larger intermediate region as determined from susceptibilities than in previous calculations of $K_\rho$. At 1/4 filling we find a very similar phase diagram.

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