### Session Z31: Complexed Structured Materials, Glasses and Clathrates

11:15 AM–2:15 PM, Friday, March 17, 2006
Baltimore Convention Center Room: 329

Chair: M. J. Mehl, Naval Research Laboratory

Abstract ID: BAPS.2006.MAR.Z31.13

### Abstract: Z31.00013 : Electronic structures and displacements of endohedral sodium atoms in silicon clathrate II

1:39 PM–1:51 PM

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#### Authors:

Hiroyuki Takenaka
Kazuo Tsumuraya
(Meiji University)

Since group 14 clathrates encapsulate specific atoms in their cages, the atoms give rise to rattling motion in the cages leading to low thermal conductivity. The clathrate II consists of Si$_{28}$ and Si$_{20}$ cages and the Si$_{28}$ cage is the largest among the cages in the clathrates. We investigate the displacements and the charge densities between the endohedral sodium atoms in the clathrate II using ab initio methods. First we present the displacements of the guest sodium atoms in double caged Na$_{2}$@Si$_{50}$H$_{44}$ cluster, which is a piece of clathrate II being hydrogenated in order to terminate the dangling bonds. Although in a single Si$_{28}$H$_{28}$ cage the endohedral sodium atom is the most the most stable at the center of the cage, the sodium atoms in each of the double cage cluster displace about 0.06 nm away from each center of the cages to shorten the distance of the sodium atoms. The displacements are attributed to the formation of covalent bond between the sodium atoms and the ionic bonding between the sodium atoms and the cage silicon atoms. Secondly we present the bonding charge densities between the sodium atoms in the clathrate II.

To cite this abstract, use the following reference: http://meetings.aps.org/link/BAPS.2006.MAR.Z31.13