Bulletin of the American Physical Society
59th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Plasma Physics
Volume 62, Number 12
Monday–Friday, October 23–27, 2017; Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Session BO6: Reconnection
9:30 AM–12:18 PM,
Monday, October 23, 2017
Chair: Will Fox, Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory
Abstract: BO6.00013 : Apex Dips of Experimental Flux Ropes: Helix or Cusp?
11:54 AM–12:06 PM
Paul M. Bellan
We present a new theory for the presence of apex dips in certain experimental flux ropes. Previously such dips were thought to be projections of a helical loop axis generated by the kink instability. However, new evidence from experiments and simulations suggest that the feature is a 2D cusp rather than a 3D helix. The proposed mechanism for cusp formation is a density pileup region generated by nonlinear interaction of neutral gas cones emitted from fast-gas nozzles. The results indicate that small density perturbations can result in large distortions of an erupting flux rope, even in the absence of significant pressure or gravity forces. The density pileup at the apex also suppresses the m=1 kink mode by acting as a stationary node. Consequently, more accurate density profiles should be considered when attempting to precisely model the stability and eruption of solar flux ropes such as CME's.
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