Bulletin of the American Physical Society
55th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Plasma Physics
Volume 58, Number 16
Monday–Friday, November 11–15, 2013; Denver, Colorado
Session TI3: Shocks and ICF
9:30 AM–12:30 PM,
Thursday, November 14, 2013
Room: Plaza F
Chair: Rip Collins, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Abstract ID: BAPS.2013.DPP.TI3.4
Abstract: TI3.00004 : Compression dynamics and lattice kinetics in laser driven shocks of BCC metals using dynamic Laue diffraction*
11:00 AM–11:30 AM
Preview Abstract Abstract
(Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory)
Laue diffraction experiments were used to directly observe the strain relaxation process in Ta shock compressed along the  direction. The unit cell aspect ratio was measured from Laue patterns at times ranging 0.1 to 1.6 ns relative to the shock wave entering the Ta sample. For 50 GPa shocks, the aspect ratio increases asymptotically to a value of 0.95 over the course of $\sim$ 1 ns. The 1 ns time scale is on the order of predictions of the relaxation time scale made using the Livermore multiscale strength model [Rudd, R SCCM 2011]. In contrast, ultra-fast (less than 10 ps) relaxation times are expected above the homogeneous nucleation threshold. Consistent with this behavior, Ta subjected to shocks at 90 GPa relaxes faster than the resolution of the diffraction experiments (approximately 150 ps). As the relaxation time will be dependent on the dislocation density, one can infer a dislocation density behind the 50 GPa shock front. Dislocation densities estimated in this manner agree with in an order of magnitude both with predictions by the multiscale model and with residual dislocation densities observed in post-mortem samples.
*This work was performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under Contract DE-AC52-07NA27344.
To cite this abstract, use the following reference: http://meetings.aps.org/link/BAPS.2013.DPP.TI3.4
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