Bulletin of the American Physical Society
55th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Plasma Physics
Volume 58, Number 16
Monday–Friday, November 11–15, 2013; Denver, Colorado
Session NI3: Technology and Fundamental Plasma Physics
9:30 AM–12:30 PM,
Wednesday, November 13, 2013
Room: Plaza F
Chair: David Graves, University of California, Berkeley
Abstract ID: BAPS.2013.DPP.NI3.3
Abstract: NI3.00003 : The in-situ diagnosis of plasma-wall interactions on magnetic fusion devices with accelerators*
10:30 AM–11:00 AM
Preview Abstract Abstract
(MIT Plasma Science and Fusion Center)
We present the first in-situ, time-resolved measurements of low-Z isotope composition and deuterium retention over a large plasma-facing component (PFC) surface area in a magnetic fusion device. These critical measurements were made using a novel diagnostic technique based on the analysis of induced nuclear reactions from PFC surfaces on the Alcator C-Mod tokamak. Achieving an integrated understanding of plasma physics and materials science in magnetic fusion devices is severely hindered by a dearth of in-situ PFC surface diagnosis. Plasma-wall interactions, such as the erosion/redeposition of PFC material, the evolution of PFC surface isotope composition, and fusion fuel retention present significant plasma physics and materials science challenges for long pulse or steady-state devices. Our diagnostic uses a compact ($\sim$1 meter), high-current ($\sim$1 milliamp) radio-frequency quadrupole accelerator to inject $\sim$1 MeV deuterons into the vacuum vessel. We control the tokamak's magnetic fields -- in between plasma shots -- to steer the deuterons to PFC surfaces, where they induce high-Q nuclear reactions with low-Z isotopes in the first $\sim$10 microns of material. Analysis of the induced gamma and neutron energy spectra provides quantitative reconstruction of PFC surface conditions. This nondestructive, in-situ technique achieves PFC surface composition measurements with plasma shot-to-shot time resolution and 1 centimeter spatial resolution over large PFC areas.
*Work supported by U.S. DOE Grant DE-FG02-94ER54235 and Cooperative Agreement DE-FC02-99ER54512.
To cite this abstract, use the following reference: http://meetings.aps.org/link/BAPS.2013.DPP.NI3.3
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