Bulletin of the American Physical Society
54th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Plasma Physics
Volume 57, Number 12
Monday–Friday, October 29–November 2 2012; Providence, Rhode Island
Session VI3: Tokamak Operations, Control, Scenarios, and RF Heating
3:00 PM–5:00 PM,
Thursday, November 1, 2012
Room: Ballroom BC
Chair: Steve Scott, Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory
Abstract ID: BAPS.2012.DPP.VI3.2
Abstract: VI3.00002 : Progress Toward Fully Noninductive Discharge Operation in DIII-D Using Off-axis Neutral Beam Injection*
3:30 PM–4:00 PM
Preview Abstract Abstract
The new 5 MW off-axis neutral beam capability on DIII-D results in discharges with improved access to fully noninductive plasma regimes. Off-axis beam injection broadens the current density profile by changing the distribution of beam-driven current; broadens the pressure profile; and extends the tearing mode stable duration. In cases with the most off axis current, plasmas can now be sustained without $q=2$ resonances. The measured $T_e$ is lower on axis, and the calculated fast ion pressure profile is less peaked, resulting in the broadened pressure profile. This plus the additional current near the conducting vacuum vessel wall results in an increase in the calculated ideal $n=1$ $\beta_N$ limit to above 4, close to the $\beta_N$ that must be achieved for fully noninductive operation in a reactor. With no $q=2$ surface, neither the most deleterious, low-order (2/1) tearing modes nor off-axis fishbone modes are observed; instead, if present, tearing modes are higher order (5/2 or 3/1). A decrease in the normalized confinement results from the off-axis injection, with a further decrease when the minimum in $q$ is above 2. With more peaked current profiles so that the minimum in $q$ is around 1.4, stability is also improved with off-axis injection, with pulse duration at $\beta_N =3.5$ increased to 2 current relaxation times, 3 s, in a discharge that projects to $Q=5$ in ITER. Modeling indicates that in DIII-D, solutions for fully noninductive operation have $\beta_N$ above 4, making the increased ideal stability limit that results from off-axis beam injection a requirement, and the minimum in $q$ is above 2 with about 50\% of the input power from off-axis injection. This new approach to modification of the current profile in DIII-D, then, is providing crucial insight into the development of a fusion steady-state scenario.
*Supported by the US Department of Energy under DE-FC02-04ER54698.
To cite this abstract, use the following reference: http://meetings.aps.org/link/BAPS.2012.DPP.VI3.2
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