Session UP1: Poster Session VII: DIII-D II; MHD and Plasma Flows; Turbulence and Transport; Fast Ignition, Short Pulse, Ion Beams, and Laser Coupling
9:30 AM–9:30 AM, Thursday, November 2, 2006
Philadelphia Marriott Downtown Room: Franklin Hall AB, 9:30am-12:30pm
Abstract ID: BAPS.2006.DPP.UP1.49
Abstract: UP1.00049 : Evaluation of Ion Specific Heat Ratio in a Transonic Plasma Flow
(Department of Electrical Engineering, Tohoku University)
Dynamics of a fast-flowing plasma in a magnetic field are important to clarify a variety of MHD phenomena in space-, fusion- and also in electric propulsion-plasmas. Although an ion specific heat ratio $\gamma_i$ is one of the key parameters in plasma dynamic behaviors, it has not been measured yet in laboratory plasmas. In a high density plasma with a weak magnetic field, electrons are magnetized and restricted by a magnetic field, besides ions are not magnetized and behaves as ion fluid surrounded by the field-restricted electrons. In this case, ion Mach number changes according to the one-dimensional (1D) isentropic flow model. When a compressible flow passes through a Laval nozzle, Mach number becomes unity at the nozzle throat. We measured an ion Mach number $M_i$ by a Mach probe in a transonic plasma flow passing through a Laval type magnetic nozzle. The ion specific heat ratio $\gamma_i$ was evaluated for the first time by comparing the spatial profile of $M_i$ with 1D flow model.
To cite this abstract, use the following reference: http://meetings.aps.org/link/BAPS.2006.DPP.UP1.49