### Session LA: Frontiers in Rare Isotope Science

8:30 AM–10:18 AM, Sunday, October 26, 2008
Room: Simmons Ballroom 2-3

Chair: Brad Sherrill, National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory/Michigan State University

Abstract ID: BAPS.2008.DNP.LA.2

### Abstract: LA.00002 : New decay studies near the doubly-magic $^{78}$Ni

9:06 AM–9:42 AM

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#### Author:

Krzysztof Rykaczewski
(ORNL Physics Division)

The nucleus $^{78}$Ni, with a closed proton shell at Z=28 and a closed neutron shell at N=50, is the most neutron-rich doubly-magic nucleus identified to date [1,2]. Spectroscopic studies of nuclei around $^{78}$Ni are important for understading both the evolution of nuclear structure in neutron rich matter and the rapid neutron capture nucleosynthesis process. Additionaly, the beta-delayed neutron emission from neutron-rich fission products contributes to the total number of neutrons inducing fission in nuclear fuel and should be accounted for when running power reactors. The neutrons filling the large 1g$_{9/2}$ shell between N=40 and N=50 impact the spin-orbit splitting of the respective proton orbital pairs, 2p$_{3/2}$-2p$_{1/2}$ and 1f$_{7/2}$-1f$_{5/2}$. This can trigger a change in the ground-state proton configuration of very neutron rich nuclei above Z=28 [3,4]. Further, the energy difference beetwen the 2d$_{5/2}$ and 3s$_{1/2}$ neutron orbitals above N=50 is decreasing when approaching the $^{78}$Ni region possibly resulting in the appearance of a new subshell closure at N=58. Nuclei in the $^{78}$Ni region are produced at the Holifield Radioactive Ion Beam Facility (HRIBF, Oak Ridge National Laboratory) by means of an on-line isotope separation technique using the fission of a $^{238}$U target induced by a 50 MeV, 10 microAmp proton beam. The decay studies performed at the HRIBF profitted from the post-acceleration of mass-separated radioactive beams to about 200 MeV. A novel method, the so-called {\it ranging- out} technique, allowed us to separate the most neutron-rich component of the isobaric cocktail beam [5,6]. New results on the decay of A=76 to A=79 Cu isotopes and of A=83 to A=85 Ga isotopes will be presented. In particular, the measured beta-delayed neutron branching ratios for the Cu isotopes are two to four times larger than previously reported [7]. An energy of 247 keV was established for the 3s$_{1/2}$ neutron state above the 2d$_{5/2}$ ground- state in the N=51 isotone $^{83}$Ge suggesting the existence of low energy E2 isomers in the N=51 $^{81}$Zn and $^{79}$Ni nuclei. The low-energy 3s$_{1/2}$ state may have a spatially extended wave function (halo) in a weakly bound N=53 isotone $^{81}$Ni. The extension of the HRIBF studies to even more neutron-rich nuclei at the recently completed Low-energy Radioactive Ion Beam Spectroscopy Station will also be discussed. [1] Ch.Engelmann et al., Zeit. Phys. A 352, 351 (1995) [2] P.T.Hosmer et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 112501 (2005) [3] T.Otsuka et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 232502 (2005) [4] J.Dobaczewski et al., Prog. Nucl. Part. Phys. 59,432(2007) [5] C. J. Gross et al., Eur. Phys. Jour. A25, s01, 115 (2005) [6] J. A. Winger et al., Acta Phys. Pol. B39, 525 (2008) [7] B. Pfeiffer et al., Prog. Nucl. Energy 41, 39 (2002)

To cite this abstract, use the following reference: http://meetings.aps.org/link/BAPS.2008.DNP.LA.2