Session L12: Vortex Dynamics and Vortex Flows VII

3:35 PM–5:32 PM, Monday, November 25, 2013
Room: 336

Chair: Jonathan Naughton, University of Wyoming

Abstract ID: BAPS.2013.DFD.L12.4

Abstract: L12.00004 : Higher Harmonic Forces in Purely Crossflow Vortex-Induced Vibrations

4:14 PM–4:27 PM

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  Yahya Modarres-Sadeghi
    (University of Massachusetts, Amherst)

  Banafsheh Seyed-Aghazadeh
    (University of Massachusetts, Amherst)

  Remi Bourguet
    (Institut de M\'ecanique des Fluides de Toulouse)

  George Karniadakis
    (Brown University)

  Michael Triantafyllou

In vortex-induced vibrations (VIV) of flexibly-mounted rigid cylinders free to oscillate both in the inline and crossflow directions, higher (3$^{\mathrm{rd}})$ harmonic forces have already been observed in the crossflow direction. In the present work, we report higher harmonic force components for a flexibly-mounted rigid cylinder with only one degree of freedom in the crossflow direction. We show that the inline displacement is not necessary to observe higher harmonic components in the crossflow force spectrum. Due to the relative velocity of the cylinder with respect to the oncoming flow, the lift and drag forces make an angle with respect to the crossflow and inline directions, and the contribution of the components of each of these forces in the crossflow direction results in a 3$^{\mathrm{rd}}$ harmonic force component. These higher harmonic components have been observed in self-excited VIV experiments, performed in a water tunnel for a Reynolds number range of Re$=$400-1000, as well as in numerical simulation results at Re$=$100. We also find that the maximum ratio of the 3$^{\mathrm{rd}}$ harmonic to the 1$^{\mathrm{st}}$ harmonic occurs when the phase between the crossflow force and displacement changes from 0 to 180 degrees, resulting in a small first harmonic component.

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