Session LU: Cyberfluids and Industrial Applications

3:35 PM–5:58 PM, Monday, November 24, 2008
Room: 204B

Chair: William W. Schultz, National Science Foundation.

Abstract ID: BAPS.2008.DFD.LU.5

Abstract: LU.00005 : Modeling of particle capture by mechanical means in automotive air filters

4:27 PM–4:40 PM

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  Brad Bailey
    (United Space Alliance)

  Frank Chambers
    (MAE, Oklahoma State University)

A model was developed to predict the removal of aerosol particles by automotive air filters. Filtration by direct interception, inertial impaction, and diffusion are correlated to dimensionless parameters. A Kuwabara flow field solution corrected for slip is applied to the flow around a single fiber. The contributions of the three filtration mechanisms are combined into a single-fiber efficiency, yielding overall filter performance. The accuracy of the new model is compared to simulated and experimental data of previous authors for two filter media. One medium has a mean fiber diameter of 0.65 $\mu $m and is examined for particle diameters of 0.01 to 1.0 $\mu $m with filter face velocities from 2 to 8 cm/s. A 2.7 $\mu $m diameter medium is considered for particle diameters of 0.1 to 1.0 $\mu $m with face velocities of 10 to 140 cm/s. For both media, the new model is a better predictor of filtration than our previous model. However, the results of the new model agreed more closely with experimental data for the larger-diameter medium for Stokes numbers less than 0.3, suggesting that direct interception and inertial impaction are predicted more accurately.

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