Session GP: Multiphase Flows III

8:00 AM–10:10 AM, Monday, November 24, 2008
Room: 202A

Chair: Pushpendra Singh, New Jersey Institute of Technology

Abstract ID: BAPS.2008.DFD.GP.4

Abstract: GP.00004 : Partial Cavity Drag Reduction

8:39 AM–8:52 AM

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  Simo Makiharju
    (University of Michigan)

  Keary Lay
    (University of Michigan)

  Ryo Yakushiji
    (University of Michigan)

  Marc Perlin
    (University of Michigan)

  Steven Ceccio
    (University of Michigan)

The notion of using air to reduce a ship's frictional drag dates back to the 19$^{th}$ century. Bubbles, air layers and air filled cavities have been proposed, but there has been little systematic research published. To address this, partial cavity drag reduction experiments were carried out at the W. B. Morgan Large Cavitation Channel. The partial cavity was investigated at Reynolds numbers to 70 million and stable cavities with frictional drag reduction of more than 95{\%} were attained. The model used was a 3 m wide and 12 m long flat plate with a plenum on the bottom. The design of the cavity was based on both linear gravity wave theory and two-dimensional inviscid numerical calculations. To create the partial cavity, air was injected at the base of an 18 cm backwards facing step 1.5 m from the nose of the plate. Frictional loads, free stream speed, air flow and cavity pressures were measured over a range of flow speeds and air fluxes. High speed video was used to investigate the unsteady three dimensional cavity closure. Cloud shedding, similar to sheet-cloud cavitation shedding with natural cavitation on hydrofoils, was observed at the closure.

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