Session M7: Undergraduate Session

8:00 AM–10:00 AM, Thursday, June 7, 2012
Room: Terrace

Chair: Charles Conover, Colby College

Abstract ID: BAPS.2012.DAMOP.M7.2

Abstract: M7.00002 : Calculations of Hyperfine Antihydrogen Spectroscopy

8:30 AM–8:45 AM

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  Patrick Donnan
    (Auburn University)

  Francis Robicheaux
    (Auburn University)

In 2011, the Antihydrogen Laser PHysics Apparatus (ALPHA) Collaboration reported trapped antihydrogen atoms in the ground state,\footnote{G.B. Andresen \textsl{et al}, Nature Physics \textbf{7}, 558 (2011).} placing spectroscopic measurements of antihydrogen within experimental reach. We present simulations for hyperfine spectroscopy of antihydrogen contained in a Penning-Malmberg trap. The trap used in the simulations approximates the magnetic fields present in the ALPHA trap. Using the Landau-Zener approximation we compute the transition rates for antihydrogen from a trapped, low-field-seeking state to an untrapped, high-field-seeking state when resonant microwaves are applied. We present results for each of the two low-field-seeking states. We show that resonances occur near the trap minimum, and that the rates are sufficiently high to distinguish spin-flipped antihydrogen atoms from cosmic noise counts. We determine that a pulsed application of the microwaves is optimal and show the feasibility of microwave spectroscopy, which can also serve as a detection tool for trapped antihydrogen atoms. We also report on the feasibility of laser cooling antihydrogen for future spectroscopic measurements.

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