Bulletin of the American Physical Society
APS April Meeting 2017
Volume 62, Number 1
Saturday–Tuesday, January 28–31, 2017; Washington, DC
Session H3: New Directions in Gravity |
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Sponsoring Units: DGRAV Chair: Peter Shawhan, University of Maryland Room: Maryland C |
Sunday, January 29, 2017 8:30AM - 8:42AM |
H3.00001: Gravitation is a Gradient in the Velocity of Light DT Froedge It is well known that a photon moving in a gravitational field has a trajectory that can be defined by Fermat's principle with a variable speed of light and no other gravitational influence. If it can be shown that a particle composed of speed of light sub-particles has the same acceleration in a variable index of refraction as a particle in a gravitational field, then there is no need to ascribe any other mechanism to gravitation than a gradient in c. This makes gravitation an electromagnetic phenomenon, and if QFT can illustrate a gradient in c can be produced by the internal motion of lightspeed sub-particles then the unification of QM and gravitation becomes more straightforward. http://www.arxdtf.org/css/GravAPS.pdf. [Preview Abstract] |
Sunday, January 29, 2017 8:42AM - 8:54AM |
H3.00002: Quantum elements of time and space Dennis Marks Space-times of any number of spaces and times can be generated as tensor products of a time-like unit vector \textbf{T} and a space-like unit vector \textbf{S}. \textbf{T} is a $2\times 2$ real anti-symmetric, hence trace-free, matrix squaring to $\mathbf{-I}$; \textbf{S} is a $2\times 2$ real symmetric trace-free matrix squaring to $\mathbf{+I}$. \textbf{T} is unique up to sign, corresponding to particles and antiparticles. \textbf{S} is a qubit whose eigenvalues are the bits $+1$ and $-1$. Thus the quantization of space is rotationally invariant in $2d$ and Lorentz invariant in $4d$. Use \textbf{S} instead of complex numbers \textbf{C} to geometrize quantum mechanics. The simplest space-time is the Minkowskian plane with vectors \textbf{T} and \textbf{S}, which generate a geometric algebra \{\textbf{I},\textbf{T},\textbf{S},\textbf{ST}\}, where the bivector \textbf{ST} is space-like. It can be used as vector \textbf{X} for the Euclidean plane, along with \textbf{Y}=\textbf{S}. They generate a geometric algebra \{\textbf{I},\textbf{X},\textbf{Y},\textbf{YX}\}. The bivector \textbf{YX} is \textbf{T}. The Minkowskian plane and the Euclidean plane have different geometries but the same geometric algebra, which is thus the foundation of both general relativity and quantum mechanics. [Preview Abstract] |
Sunday, January 29, 2017 8:54AM - 9:06AM |
H3.00003: Using the IRC model to quantize gravity Aran Stubbs In the IRC model, gravitons are low-energy tachyons trapped between and within sub-atomic particles by the Lorentz contraction. They perceive the tardyons trapping them as having length L$_{\mathrm{V}}\approx $L$_{\mathrm{0}}$*V/c, which is \textgreater the graviton's wavelength $\lambda $. Their frequency $\nu $ is minimal when V$\to \infty $, so $\nu_{\mathrm{V}}=v_{\mathrm{\infty }}$*(1$+$c$^{\mathrm{2}}$/2V$^{\mathrm{2}}+$c$^{\mathrm{4}}$/6V$^{\mathrm{4}}+$...). Within a quark or lepton, the proto-matter's orbit is always tangent to the orbit of the graviton, while external gravitons are only tangent for \textasciitilde 10$^{\mathrm{-21}}$ of the proto-matter's orbit. With a 3-dimensional orbit, this gives the proto-matter a diameter \textasciitilde 8*10$^{\mathrm{-26}}$ m. From the frequency locking assumed by the theory, this gives the gravitons a base frequency \textasciitilde 1.2*10$^{\mathrm{33}}$/sec. From the calculated diameter of the electron, 853 fm, the gravitons there have a V\textasciitilde 10$^{\mathrm{13}}$c and energy of \textasciitilde 38.6 KeV. This gives a rest energy of \textasciitilde -4*10$^{\mathrm{17}} \quad i$eV. [Preview Abstract] |
Sunday, January 29, 2017 9:06AM - 9:18AM |
H3.00004: Gravitational Effects of a Crystalline Quantum Foam David Crouse In this work, concepts in quantum mechanics and general relativity are used to derive the quantums of space and time. After showing that space and time, at the Planck scale, must be discrete and not continuous, various anomalous gravitational effects are described. It is discussed how discrete space necessarily imposes order upon Wheeler's quantum foam, changing the foam into a crystal. The forces in this crystal are gravitational forces due to the ordered array of electrically neutral Planck masses, and with a lattice constant on the order of the Planck length. Thus the crystal is a gravity crystal rather than the more common crystals (e.g., silicon) that rely on electromagnetic forces. It is shown that similar solid-state physics techniques can be applied to this universe-wide gravity crystal to calculate particles' dispersion curves. It is shown that the crystal produces typical crystalline effects, namely bandgaps, Brillouin zones, and effective inertial masses that may differ from the gravitational masses with possible values even being near zero or negative. It is shown that the gravity crystal can affect the motion of black holes in dramatic ways, imbuing them with a negative inertial mass such that they are pushed by the pull of gravity. [Preview Abstract] |
Sunday, January 29, 2017 9:18AM - 9:30AM |
H3.00005: Quantum Gravity, May Not Be The Right Question. Hontas Farmer To get sensible answers one must ask the right questions. ``How can we quantize gravity'' may not be the right question to ask if our goal is to unify quantum field theory (QFT) with general relativity (GR). The right question may be how can we relativize quantum field theory. The best and brighest physicist of the last 80 years have tried to answer the quantization question and gotten answers that while interesting, like loop quantum gravity and string/M theory, have not be accepted by all as being the answer. In this talk it will be proposed that the better question to ask is how can we realtivize quantum field theory. Relativization means to make a theory comply with Einsteins relativity. QFT is a result of the relativization of quantum theory. Quantum gravity would be the result of a sort of reverse relativization of General Relativity so we can quantize it. It may be that nature does not work that way. It may be that the unified theory of GR+QFT will be realtivized. In this talk I will briefly state the five axioms of realtivization, and show how to write the relativized standard model and use it to make predictions for particle physics and astrophysical observations. [Preview Abstract] |
Sunday, January 29, 2017 9:30AM - 9:42AM |
H3.00006: Surface Tension of Spacetime Howard Perko Concepts from physical chemistry and more specifically surface tension are introduced to spacetime. Lagrangian equations of motion for membranes of curved spacetime manifold are derived. The equations of motion in spatial directions are dispersion equations and can be rearranged to Schrodinger's equation where Plank's constant is related to membrane elastic modulus. The equation of motion in the time-direction has two immediately recognizable solutions: electromagnetic waves and corpuscles. The corpuscular membrane solution can assume different genus depending on quantized amounts of surface energy. A metric tensor that relates empty flat spacetime to energetic curved spacetime is found that satisfies general relativity. Application of the surface tension to quantum electrodynamics and implications for quantum chromodynamics are discussed. Although much work remains, it is suggested that spacetime surface tension may provide a classical explanation that combines general relativity with field theories in quantum mechanics and atomic particle physics. [Preview Abstract] |
Sunday, January 29, 2017 9:42AM - 9:54AM |
H3.00007: The problem on stationary states in self gravitational field Stanislav Fisenko To follow is the problem on stationary states of an electron in its own gravitational field where the boundary conditions earlier described by S. I. Fisenko in 2015 J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 574 012157 doi:10.1088/1742-6596/574/1/012157 are made specific. The simplest approximation provides an assessment of the energy spectrum of stationary states only. Nevertheless, this is enough to confirm the existence of such stationary states and to further elaborate a detailed solution of the problem on stationary states including determination of all the quantum numbers' spectra and corresponding wave functions. No other matters are discussed here. The case in hand is a purely mathematical problem, further physical interpretation of which is of a fundamental value. [Preview Abstract] |
Sunday, January 29, 2017 9:54AM - 10:06AM |
H3.00008: Quantization Of Temperature Paul OBrien Max Plank did not quantize temperature. I will show that the Plank temperature violates the Plank scale. Plank stated that the Plank scale was Natures scale and independent of human construct. Also stating that even aliens would derive the same values. He made a huge mistake, because temperature is based on the Kelvin scale, which is man-made just like the meter and kilogram. He did not discover natures scale for the quantization of temperature. His formula is flawed, and his value is incorrect. Plank's calculation is T$_{\mathrm{p}} \quad =$ c$^{\mathrm{2}}$M$_{\mathrm{p}}$/K$_{\mathrm{b}}$. The general form of this equation is T $=$ E/K$_{\mathrm{b}}$ Why is this wrong? The temperature for a fixed amount of energy is dependent upon the volume it occupies. Using the correct formula involves specifying the radius of the volume in the form of (RE). This leads to an inequality and a limit that is equivalent to the Bekenstein Bound, but using temperature instead of entropy. Rewriting this equation as a limit defines both the maximum temperature and Boltzmann's constant. This will saturate any space-time boundary with maximum temperature and information density, also the minimum radius and entropy. The general form of the equation then becomes a limit in BH thermodynamics T $\le $ (RE)/($\lambda $K$_{\mathrm{b}})$ [Preview Abstract] |
Sunday, January 29, 2017 10:06AM - 10:18AM |
H3.00009: Causal, Self-consistent Field Quantum Mass-Spacetimes Dillon Scofield An ab initio self-consistent field (SCF) description of the causal, current conserving, evolution of quantum mass-spacetime (QMST) manifolds is presented. The properties of QMSTs are shown to follow from the properties of their homogeneous, isotropic, affine tangent spaces as characterized by the PoincarÃ© group. QMSTs with Câ„“(4,C) Clifford algebra structure and tangent spaces are shown to be compatible with the Standard Model of elementary particle interactions. These QMSTs include the proton-electron-neutrino-neutron excitation system. Expressions for conserved Noether currents, stress-energies, and angular-momenta are shown to be corollaries of the theory. Methods to compute the quantum geometry of few-body QMSTs are discussed. [Preview Abstract] |
Sunday, January 29, 2017 10:18AM - 10:30AM |
H3.00010: Hypervortex Explanation of Galaxies Gary Warren Standard models fail to explain the existence of galaxies. In contrast, galaxies are inherently explained and even predicted by older Aether theories in which Aether filled the space between particles. Galaxies would be vortexes in the Aether; the vortexes generate gravitational forces that trap matter within them. Aether theories were rejected, however, because they failed to explain experimental results regarding the Earth-Aether boundary. In the hypervortex model, hyperfluid fills all of space, including the space occupied by particles. With such hyperfluid, there is no boundary problem. The hyperfluid is continuous everywhere and all of the historical experimental challenges to fluid models become inherently solved. In the model, galaxies are our observation of very large hypervortexes in the hyperfluid while particles are our observation of the smallest of hypervortexes. A unifying Lagrangian for has been created the hypervortex model that generates correct forms for gravity and electromagnetics and the framework for full integration of particle theory. Mass orbits around galactic centers because galactic hypervortexes generate gravitational forces with r$=$0 at the galactic center. The quantity of matter in a galaxy may depend on the quantity of turbulence initially in the galactic hypervortex; such turbulence would generate the smaller hypervortexes within the galaxy that we observe as particles. The gravitational singularity at r$=$0 disappears, which resolves issues related to black holes.\newline \\Gary.warren@saic.com; \newline garywarren@cox.net; \newline hypervortex.com [Preview Abstract] |
Sunday, January 29, 2017 10:30AM - 10:42AM |
H3.00011: Big Bang of Massenergy and Negative Big Bang of Spacetime Dayong Cao There is a balance between Big Bang of Massenergy and Negative Big Bang of Spacetime in the universe. Also some scientists considered there is an anti-Big Bang who could produce the antimatter. And the paper supposes there is a structure balance between Einstein field equation and negative Einstein field equation, a balance between massenergy structure and spacetime structure, a balance between an energy of nucleus of the stellar matter and a dark energy of nucleus of the dark matter-dark energy, and a balance between the particle and the wave-a balance system between massenergy (particle) and spacetime (wave). It should explain of the problems of the Big Bang. http://meetings.aps.org/Meeting/APR16/Session/M13.8 [Preview Abstract] |
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