Bulletin of the American Physical Society
APS April Meeting 2013
Volume 58, Number 4
Saturday–Tuesday, April 13–16, 2013; Denver, Colorado
Session J8: Formal Theory |
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Sponsoring Units: DPF Chair: John Rosner, University of Chicago Room: Governor's Square 10 |
Sunday, April 14, 2013 1:30PM - 1:42PM |
J8.00001: Knot physics, spacetime in co-dimension 2 Clifford Ellgen Attempts to describe particles as topological phenomena go back at least as far as Kelvin's conjecture that atoms are knots in the ether. A modern parallel is to ask whether the spacetime manifold of general relativity can be knotted and what properties those knots might have. However, if the manifold is everywhere Lorentzian, then a change of the topology of a spacelike slice of spacetime requires violation of causality. A consistent model emerges if we assume that the spacetime manifold is a 4-dimensional manifold embedded in a 6-dimensional Minkowski space and that each spacelike slice of the manifold has finite energy. A finite energy embedding allows the metric on the manifold to be degenerate on a set of measure zero, therefore the manifold may not be everywhere Lorentzian, which allows for certain types of topology change. An n-dimensional manifold embedded in an n+2-dimensional space can be knotted. We show that the possible knots on the spacetime manifold have properties corresponding to the known elementary particles. If we include the electromagnetic potential then we can use a simple Lagrangian to describe all of the forces including gravity. A simple extension of the assumptions produces quantum field theory. [Preview Abstract] |
Sunday, April 14, 2013 1:42PM - 1:54PM |
J8.00002: Put forward the basic particle problems Han Yongquan The two kind of fundamental particles who constitute the material world is: superluminal particles and tachyon. First, the elementary particle velocity is a measure of quality Second, due to the quality of superluminal particles is big, strong convergence for atomic, molecular attraction, such as ``entity'' material composed of neutron Third, the light particles due to the quality of small, weak gravity launched into outer space, namely the Tachyon energy into light particles Fourth, The Tachyon convergence in atomic, molecular, so we can hardly observed superluminal Fifth, atom, molecule are internal Tachyon Sixth, the gravitational force between microscopic particles is greater than the static electricity Then we can draw a conclusion: now, the quality determination is based on the superluminal mechanism determination, this conclusion is quality is relative essential reason. Author: hanyongquan TEL: 13241375685 [Preview Abstract] |
Sunday, April 14, 2013 1:54PM - 2:06PM |
J8.00003: An Integrated Theory of Everything (TOE) Antonio Colella An Integrated TOE unifies all known physical phenomena from the Planck cube to the Super Universe. Each of 129 fundamental matter and force particles is represented by its unique Planck cube string. Any object can be represented by a volume of contiguous Planck cubes. Super force string singularities at the center of Planck cubes existed at the start of all universes. The foundations of an Integrated TOE are twenty independent existing theories including; string, spontaneous symmetry breaking, Higgs forces/supersymmetric Higgs particles, dark matter, dark energy, stellar black holes, and baryogenesis. The premise of an Integrated TOE is without sacrificing their integrities; these twenty independent existing theories are replaced by twenty interrelated amplified theories (Table IV). Amplification of Higgs forces to 64 supersymmetric Higgs particles is essential for an Integrated TOE. Additional amplifications include: Higgs force particles are residual super force particles; matter particles and their associated Higgs forces are one and inseparable; spontaneous symmetry breaking is bidirectional; 17 super force condensations occur at 17 different temperatures; and the sum of 8 permanent Higgs force energies is dark energy. [Preview Abstract] |
Sunday, April 14, 2013 2:06PM - 2:18PM |
J8.00004: The disappearance of Dimensions at the Horizon may result in a new Theory of Orbitals Richard Kriske This author had previously proposed that at the Horizon of the Universe the time dimension points away from an observer on the surface of a 3 dim. space surface in much the same way that an observer on a 2 dim. Earth sees a curved 1 dim. Horizon. One of the dimensions (call it z) turns into a parameter called height, which tilt backward away from the observer and in the limit height becomes a line called the horizon. The Horizon of the Universe is a 2 dim. surface with time becoming a parameter, such that as one looks into the distance is finally limited as the CMBR (two dimensions). If one stands on the surface of a Nucleus one sees four dimensions (x,y, spin up, spin down) and one parameter which is height (Energy level). It is easier to visualize one or 2 dim. horizons, but a 4 dim. horizon has the effect that it appears as several nested two dimensional surfaces with spin. The Horizons are directly related to the orbitals, as is seen in Newtonian Orbitals and if one thinks of a photon as orbiting the Universe, this occurs at the Horizon of the Universe. An interesting conclusion of 4 dim. Atomic Horizons is that it infers a five dim. Nuclear Surface, a Liquid Drop model of 5 dim. which seems to concur with the Bethe-Weizsacken mass formula, and Gamow's Liquid Drop model. [Preview Abstract] |
Sunday, April 14, 2013 2:18PM - 2:30PM |
J8.00005: Using low energy photon-photon collision simulate galaxy formation Meggie Zhang Photon is not directly observable, therefore obtain free photon for collision is not possible. However our research found some of the basic assumptions we made in early history of physics are conflicts with our later findings, therefore some of the basic theories we built on these foundations could not stand. We reevaluated current physics theory and found there are cases we could possibly succeed photon-photon collision and such collision in nature is a continuous controllable fusion, in modified physics theory collision is irrelevant with energy level, but at low energy level it is easier to control toward what we want to see and how the result to turn out. But just this part is not enough theoretical support for the simulation of galaxy formation. We analyzed existing information, also our preliminary finding supported the galaxy formation start from two particles in contrast of from cloud aggregation. Based on the new theories and method, we have successfully simulated the formation of planetary systems and during the process we successfully observed the formation of planets, Black Holes and the movements of planetary system. We found a planet does not go around the star center but instead it is at one side of the star. We also found all objects in the planetary system are not free, they are bounded by two forces. [Preview Abstract] |
Sunday, April 14, 2013 2:30PM - 2:42PM |
J8.00006: Higgs field is``not'' the process that gives mass to free particles Ahmad Reza Estakhr When a free particle move in higgs field, higgs field ``resist'' against motion of that free particle, and then free particle gain ``drag force'' by interacting with higgs field. so Higgs field is ``not'' the process that gives mass to free particles. because higgs field ``Decelerate'' free particle by resistance. and also from einstein's special relativity theory we know that the process that gives mass to free particle is ``difference between square of total energy and square of momentum'' (through a binomial conjugates) $m_o=\frac {\sqrt {(E^2-P^2.c^2)}} {c^2}$ and when there is ``no'' difference between total energy and momentum $E=P.c$ the free particle is photon. now, there is a special point here, ``how is it possible that one free particle gain rest mass'' through ``two'' process!? why Higgs field is not considered a force. while it can decelerate free particle by ``resist''!? the Higgs field which just causes a ``drag'' = force not mass. [Preview Abstract] |
Sunday, April 14, 2013 2:42PM - 2:54PM |
J8.00007: The radiation and relationship of mass change Yongquan Han The model of the Standards for mass, disappeared 50 micrograms mysteriously during 118 years. In fact, any object is radiating, radiation is the result of reducing the mass. Due to radiation, the reduced mass has the relation among the density of the object, thermodynamic temperature, surface area, time, all these multiplication,when the result raising, the reduced raising. Mathematical expression is, m$=$B$\times \rho \times $T$\times $S$\times $t. Among them, B is the proportionality constant, P is the density of the object, T is the thermodynamic temperature, S is the object surface area, t is the object radiation time. We can infer from the expression: temperature is greater than that of thermodynamic scale of temperature zero matter radiationBased on mass disappeared 50 micrograms during the 118 years, we can infer the constant of proportionality B. The Kg standard model is: the cylindrical has a high and diameter is 39 mm, then find out its density and surface area, $\rho \quad =$21475, S$=$0.0072; Hypothesis T$=$300k, seek out: t$=$372124800,m$=$0.00000005, Then calculate, B$=\frac{m}{\rho \thinspace T\thinspace S\thinspace t} = \frac{0.00000005}{21475\times 300\times 0.0072\times 372124800}=2.9\times 10^{-21}$ [Preview Abstract] |
Sunday, April 14, 2013 2:54PM - 3:06PM |
J8.00008: Dark Matter Bosons and Fermions Thomas J. Buckholtz We suggest dark matter consists of 5 ensembles of particles. Each ensemble has fermions and bosons. Each ensemble has similarities to the baryonic-matter ensemble. This work starts with a means to represent baryonic-matter photons. The representation also includes carriers for the weak and strong interactions. The representation admits a 6-fold symmetry. Each of the 5 non-baryonic-matter boson sets is a dark-matter boson set. Each boson set has a corresponding set of elementary fermions. Each of the 6 ensembles would characterize its fermions as being similar to baryonic-matter's characterization of its fermions. Each ensemble would consider the other 5 ensembles to be like dark matter. The 6 ensembles share gravity. One ensemble's measurements of properties of another ensemble's fermions would not necessarily result in numbers identical to the numbers the one ensemble measures for properties of its own fermions. [Preview Abstract] |
Sunday, April 14, 2013 3:06PM - 3:18PM |
J8.00009: S-Duality and Higgs Naturalness Durmus A. Demir Through the conformal transformations with respect to the Higgs field, we construct the S-dual of the Standard Model Higgs sector. The dual Higgs model is overly weakly-coupled to wash out the quadratic divergences in Higgs boson mass. The Higgs boson measures up natural thanks to S-duality, and new physics, if any, is to form a conformal-invariant sector. [Preview Abstract] |
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