Bulletin of the American Physical Society
APS April Meeting 2012
Volume 57, Number 3
Saturday–Tuesday, March 31–April 3 2012; Atlanta, Georgia
Session X9: New Directions |
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Sponsoring Units: DPF Chair: Lindley Winslow, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Room: Embassy E |
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 1:30PM - 1:42PM |
X9.00001: A Multiple Particle System Equation Underlying the Klein-Gordon-Dirac-Schr\"{o}dinger Equations D.T. Froedge The purpose of this paper is to illustrate a fundamental, multiple particle, system equation for which the Klein-Gordon-Dirac-Schr\"{o}dinger equations are single particle special cases. The basic concept is that there is a broader picture, based on a more general equation that includes the entire system of particles. The first part will be to postulate an equation, and then, by modifying the methods of Path Integrals, develop a solution which describes the internal dynamics as well as particle interactions of quantum particles. The complete function has both real and imaginary, as well as timelike and spacelike parts, each of which are separable into independent expressions that define particle properties. In the same manner that eigenvalues of the Schr\"{o}dinger equation represents energy levels of an atomic system, particle are eigenvalues in an interacting universe of particles. The Dirac massive and massless equation and solution will be shown as factorable independent components. A clear distinction between the classical and quantum properties of particles is made, increasing the scope of QM. Located at http://www.arxdtf.org/css/system.pdf [Preview Abstract] |
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 1:42PM - 1:54PM |
X9.00002: Conserved Currents, their Excitations, Fields, and Masses D.F. Scofield Three inequivalent Maxwell-Dirac-like systems of equations are derived from the differential geometric and dynamical structure imposed by the conservation of currents and their excitations defined over a spacetime. In this geometric derivation of quantum mechanics, only one of the three systems (the standard Maxwell-Dirac system) has a physical interpretation in present theoretical models. The other two describe new leptonic quasi-particles, fields belonging to different leptonic mass-symmetry representations. These results have implications for the existence of non-symmetry breaking mass parametrization in the Standard Model of electroweak interactions as well as for the existence of dark matter. In deriving these results, it is first shown that all conserved currents satisfy second order vector wave equations. This allows one to show that all conserved currents and their excitations defined over a spacetime have quantal, wave-mode descriptions with states labeled by ``theoretical mass-parameters'' regardless of spatial scale, thereby unifying their classical and quantum geometrodynamics. [Preview Abstract] |
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 1:54PM - 2:06PM |
X9.00003: Higgs-like interactions in the finitary 4-vertex representation Wayne R. Lundberg Higgs boson was formulated using Feynman graphs which require infinitesimal 3-vertices and thus intermediating bosons for all interactions. However, many years or research on finite QC/ED representation theories, such as string theory, are also mathematically well-founded. Although string theory has been shown to lack a low-energy state algebra equivalent to QC/ED, it has yielded useful insights. Particularly, Kaku (PRD June 1990) concluded the Shapiro-Virasoro model requires a tetrahedral graph. This finitary 4-vertex representation geometry fulfills the requirement of Higgs interactions. It is also an extremely rare and relatively high-energy state of a triangulated quantum representation theory (Lundberg, proc DPF 1992). This leads to the hypothesis that a finitary 4-vertex interaction will have a much broader signature in LHC collider energy-space than expected for any boson. The preliminary results of the ATLAS collaboration (Dec 2011) produce just such a signature, with interaction energies between 124-129 GeV. [Preview Abstract] |
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 2:06PM - 2:18PM |
X9.00004: A space-wave model of zitterbewegung and the internal structure of the electron Dennis Crossley In recent years there has been renewed interest in zitterbewegung, the ultrahigh frequency oscillations appearing in Dirac's theory of the electron, but there is no consensus on the physical interpretation or even the physical reality of this phenomenon. I present here a new model of zitterbewegung based on the author's space-wave theory of matter and interactions. This model not only clarifies the physical meaning of zitterbewegung but also presents a new model of the internal structure of the electron and sheds light on the fundamental quantum-mechanical mystery of wave-particle duality. [Preview Abstract] |
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 2:18PM - 2:30PM |
X9.00005: On a Singular Solution in Higgs Field (3) - Relativistical Energy Flow towards Higgs boson Kazuyoshi Kitazawa The mass of SM Higgs boson (H$^{0}$) is re-examined under fluid mechanical consideration of micro (femt-scale) Reynolds number in Higgs boson sea for the process of Higgs mechanism. In this analysis, two gauge particles (W and Z bosons) are adopted as representatives to describe the process through their each mass acquisition. The mass value of fluid mechanical H$^{0}$ (f.m.-H$^{0}$) is calculated relativistically at 128.6 GeV/c$^{2}$, which is a little (6.6 per-cent) larger than our mass value of the asymptotic solution (theoretical mass: 120.611 GeV/c$^{2}$) of Higgs field.\footnote{K. Kitazawa, DPF MEETING 2011: 166.} This difference of mass value shows that there would be some extent of excess in sectional area's evaluation for f.m.-H$^{0}$. Because, in this numerical calculation we assumed that f.m.-H$^{0}$ in Higgs boson sea is sphere. While theoretical mass of H$^{0}$ had a shape of truncated-Octahedron which inscribes to the sectional circle of f.m.-H$^{0}$. So we may reduce this excess of mass since the drag force against the flow, which is proportional to sectional area of f.m.-H$^{0}$, corresponds to acquired mass by Higgs mechanism. It is noteworthy that theoretical mass above is almost at center of the most like range of latest LHC's result for SM Higgs boson mass. [Preview Abstract] |
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 2:30PM - 2:42PM |
X9.00006: Formulation of D-brane Dynamics Thomas Evans It is the purpose of this paper (within the context of STS rules {\&} guidelines ``research report'') to formulate a statistical-mechanical form of D-brane dynamics. We consider first the path integral formulation of quantum mechanics, and extend this to a path-integral formulation of D-brane mechanics, summing over all the possible path integral sectors of R-R, NS charged states. We then investigate this generalization utilizing a path-integral formulation summing over all the possible path integral sectors of R-R charged states, calculated from the mean probability tree-level amplitude of type I, IIA, and IIB strings, serving as a generalization of all strings described by D-branes. We utilize this generalization to study black holes in regimes where the initial D-brane system is legitimate, and further this generalization to look at information loss near regions of nonlocality on a non-ordinary event horizon. We see here that in these specific regimes, we can calculate a path integral formulation, as describing D0-brane mechanics, tracing the dissipation of entropy throughout the event horizon. This is used to study the information paradox, and to propose a resolution between the phenomena and the correct and expected quantum mechanical description. This is done as our path integral throughout entropy entering the event horizon effectively and correctly encodes the initial state in subtle correlations in the Hawking radiation. [Preview Abstract] |
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 2:42PM - 2:54PM |
X9.00007: Knot physics, spacetime in co-dimension 2 Clifford Ellgen Attempts to describe particles as topological phenomena go back at least as far as Kelvin's conjecture that atoms are knots in the ether. A modern parallel is to ask whether the spacetime manifold of general relativity can be knotted and what properties those knots might have. However, if the manifold is everywhere Lorentzian, then a change of the topology of a spacelike slice of spacetime requires violation of causality. A consistent model emerges if we assume that the spacetime manifold is a 4-dimensional manifold embedded in a 6-dimensional Minkowski space and that each spacelike slice of the manifold has finite energy. A finite energy embedding allows the metric on the manifold to be degenerate on a set of measure zero, therefore the manifold may not be everywhere Lorentzian, which allows for certain types of topology change. An n-dimensional manifold embedded in an n+2-dimensional space can be knotted. We show that the possible knots on the spacetime manifold have properties corresponding to the known elementary particles. If we include the electromagnetic potential then we can use a simple Lagrangian to describe all of the forces including gravity. A simple extension of the assumptions produces quantum field theory. [Preview Abstract] |
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 2:54PM - 3:06PM |
X9.00008: Some physical consequences of a random walk in velocity space Caroline Herzenberg A simple conceptual model of stochastic behavior based on a random walk process in velocity space is examined. For objects moving at non-relativistic velocities, this leads under asymmetric directional probabilities to acceleration processes that resemble the behavior of objects subject to Newton's second law. For three dimensional space, inverse square law acceleration emerges for sufficiently separated objects. In modeling classical behavior, such non-relativistic random walks would appear to be limited to objects of sufficiently large mass. Objects with smaller mass exhibit more rapid diffusion and less localization, and a relativistic random walk would seem to be required for objects having masses smaller than a threshold mass value. Results suggest that the threshold mass value must be similar in magnitude to the Planck mass, which leads to behavior somewhat comparable to that characterizing an intrinsic quantum classical transition in the microgram mass range. [Preview Abstract] |
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 3:06PM - 3:18PM |
X9.00009: OPERA, MINOS Experimental Result Prove Special and General Relativity Theories; the Principle of Lorentz Invariance Invalid David E. Pressler A great discrepancy exists - the speed of light and the neutrino speed must be identical; as indicated by supernova1987A; yet, OPERA predicts faster-than-light neutrinos. Einstein's theories are based on the invariance of the speed of light, and no privileged Galilean frame of reference exists. Both of these hypotheses are in error and must be reconciled in order to solve the dilemma. The Michelson-Morley Experiment was misinterpreted - my Neoclassical Theory postulates that \textbf{BOTH} mirrors of the interferometer physically and absolutely move towards its center. The result is a \underline {three-directional-Contraction}, ($x, y, z$ axis), an actual distortion of space itself; a C-Space condition. ``PRESSLER'S LAW OF C-SPACE: \textit{The speed of light, c, will always be measured the same speed in all three directions ($\sim $300,000 km/sec), in ones own inertial reference system, and will always be measured as having a different speed in all other inertial frames which are at a different kinetic energy level or at a location with a different strength gravity field'' } Thus, the faster you go, motion, or the stronger the gravity field the smaller you get in all three directions. OPERA results are explained; at the surface of Earth, the strength of gravity field is at maximum -- below the earth's surface, time and space is less distorted; therefore, time is \textit{absolutely} faster accordingly. Reference OPERA's preprint: Neutrino's faster time-effect due to altitude difference; (10$^{-13}$ns) x $c$ (299792458m) = 2.9 x 10$^{-5}$ m/ns x distance (730085m) + 21.8m.) This is consistent with the OPERA result. [Preview Abstract] |
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