#
2007 APS April Meeting

## Volume 52, Number 3

##
Saturday–Tuesday, April 14–17, 2007;
Jacksonville, Florida

### Session M14: Theory II

3:15 PM–5:03 PM,
Sunday, April 15, 2007

Hyatt Regency Jacksonville Riverfront
Room: City Terrace 10

Sponsoring
Unit:
DPF

Chair: Scott Yost, Baylor University

Abstract ID: BAPS.2007.APR.M14.9

### Abstract: M14.00009 : A New invariant ds=ds$_{t}$+ds$_{\phi}$ in the String Theory Action Leads to Replacing The General Covariance In the SM Dirac Equation Gauge Derivatives With An Equivalent General Covariance In The Metric That This Dirac Equation is Derived From

4:51 PM–5:03 PM

Preview Abstract
Abstract

####
Author:

Joel Maker

(PRA)

Substituting the invariant ds=ds$_{t}$+ds$_{\phi }$ into the
string theory
action gives a cross term 2ds$_{t}$ds$_{\phi }$ (ds was squared
in finding
the string theory action area) implying spin thus requiring
linearization of
a diagonized ds$^{2}$. Here ds$_{t}=\surd $g$_{oo}$dt This
linearization
replaces ds=ds$_{t}$+ds$_{\phi }$ with a matrix ds=$\alpha
_{t}$ds$_{t}+\alpha _{\phi }$ds$_{\phi }$ and thereby replaces the
general covariance in the gauge derivatives in the Standard Model
(SM) with
a general covariance in the\textit{ original} metric (given that
ds$_{t}=\surd $g$_{oo}$dt)
that is used to start the derivation of the SM Dirac equation.
This puts in
the general covariance at the very beginning of the Dirac equation
derivation, \textit{where it belongs}. The result is a new Dirac
equation ($\surd
$\textbf{\textit{g}}$_{\mu \mu }$\textit{$\gamma $}$_{\mu
}$\textit{$\partial \psi $/$\partial $x}$_{\mu
}$\textit{+i$\omega \psi $=0
}with\textbf{~}\textbf{g}$_{oo}$=1-2e$^{2}$/rm$_{e}$c$^{2}$=1-r$_{H}$/r)
that does not require the covariant gauge derivatives anymore but
yet still
\textit{retains }the general covariance creating a \textbf{ONE}
free parameter theory,
instead of 18 of the SM.
For example this new Dirac equation has a singularity-stability
radius
r$_{H}$ and, because of equivalence principle considerations, is
allowed
only \textit{one} type of charge e. Thus near r$_{H}$ the
2P$_{3/2}$ state for this new
Dirac equation gives a $\psi ^{tt}\psi $ azimuthal trifolium, 3 lobe
shape; so this ONE charge e (so don't need \textbf{ color} to
guarantee
this) spends \textbf{1/3} of its time in each lobe
(\textbf{fractionally
charged} lobes), the lobe structure is locked into the center of
mass
\textbf{(asymptotic freedom}), there are\textbf{ six} 2P states
(corresponding to the 6 flavors) ;~ which are the~~\textbf{main
properties
of quarks}!~
Thus we end up with the experimental implications of the Standard
Model (SM)
by postulating just ONE particle with mass and string theory
finally then
exchanges its excessive generality for a Ockam's razor optimized
theory.

To cite this abstract, use the following reference: http://meetings.aps.org/link/BAPS.2007.APR.M14.9